Marx’s Concept of Commodities Revisited

(This article is one of the coursework requirements in a sociology course: Classical Sociological Theory) In socio-economic activities, commodities play an essential role in shaping and affecting social processes. This paper will discuss Karl Marx's concepts of "commodities," which will focus on its values, labour embodiment, and the extent to social relations. Entities or commodities … Continue reading Marx’s Concept of Commodities Revisited

A Tale of Womanhood

(A Sociological Reflection of the Documentary Film "Period. End of Sentence." This reflective analysis is coursework in Sociology of Gender.)      The documentary discusses the essentialist view of gender and its power, which poses the distinction and disparity between men and women. Essentialism elucidates the facets of human behaviour and identity as part of its … Continue reading A Tale of Womanhood

Rational Education: A Stride Toward Equality of the Sexes

(A Sociological Reflection on Mary Wollstonecraft's "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman")      The age of Enlightenment, also known simply as Enlightenment, was centred on the power of reason as the primary source of knowledge, intellect, and progressive ideas of liberty and progress in the society. In line with this principle, Mary Wollstonecraft challenged … Continue reading Rational Education: A Stride Toward Equality of the Sexes

A Deviance That Makes A Difference

(This article explains positive deviance.  It is a sociological description of a labour strike, one of the coursework in a Sociology course: Deviance and Social Control.)      Societies evolve and develop, and their progression processes underwent gradual to swift social changes over time, by which Karl Marx sees them in the context of conflicts. Inequality … Continue reading A Deviance That Makes A Difference

Systemic Racism: The Problem of the Color Line

(A Sociological Reflection on William Edward Burghardt (W.E.B.) Du Bois’s “The Philadelphia Negro”)      When we talk about the Negro or Black people, a stigma is always attached to it. It has been centuries that Negro stereotyping or systemic racism is an ongoing social issue in the Western world, specifically in North America. Until now, many … Continue reading Systemic Racism: The Problem of the Color Line

Becoming A Man for Wrong Reasons

(A Sociological  Reflection on "Tough Guise 2: Violence, Manhood, and American Culture")      The social construction of a "real man" is evident in different cultures, ethnicities, and civilizations, wherein being masculine is attributed to violence. Undoubtedly, violence, which entails deviant behaviours, is a part of the ever-changing social dynamics. Men, then, are always deemed to … Continue reading Becoming A Man for Wrong Reasons

Duterteism: Reviving the Morals and Spirit of the Filipinos

(This essay describes Philippine President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s leadership. It discusses Duterte's public management in the context of moral entrepreneurship, social deviance, and deviance dance in politics.)      One of the primary charms of influential or powerful people is their capability to influence a group of people or the general public for the common good … Continue reading Duterteism: Reviving the Morals and Spirit of the Filipinos

A Rebuttal Against the Repressive Policy Resolution R4

(An argument inspired by the Sociology of Gender course against the Ontario's Policy Resolution R4. It explains gender in/equality in Canadian society.)      In light of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom, the Ontario Progressive Conservative (PC) Party’s “Resolution R4, Education and Community Safety” weakens the very foundation of Canada’s tradition of ordered liberty, … Continue reading A Rebuttal Against the Repressive Policy Resolution R4

University/Higher Education Enforces Social Inequality

     Studying in a university, in the mind of a student with low socio-economic status (SES), is a crucial stride toward upward mobility in the social ladder. It is an opportunity to explore the world of the higher social echelon through tertiary education. A university degree can level and equate the opportunities, as common people … Continue reading University/Higher Education Enforces Social Inequality

The Triad of Powers of Hegemonic America

     Military serves as the parapet of the country’s sovereignty and it protects states against foreign aggression. Military resources – troops and artilleries – ensure the security and political stability of a nation, whereas economy sustains it. At the world stage, military supremacy serves as the backbone of global political power and influence. It is … Continue reading The Triad of Powers of Hegemonic America

The American Hegemony’s Impact on Global Peace and Security

     The primacy of leading an international coalition is termed as hegemony and it is characterized by key leadership in global organizations, economic power, diplomatic influence, military supremacy, and cultural prominence. After the Second World War in 1945, the United States (US) led other nations to establish social order. Thus, founding the United Nations Organization … Continue reading The American Hegemony’s Impact on Global Peace and Security

Prescriptivism: A Tool for Labeling People

     In communication practices either verbal or written, anyone had been a critic of someone else’s use of grammar. In “The Language Mavens,” Steven Pinker notices that grammatical rules serve as a “shibboleth” to become a member of a particular group. He discusses that prescriptivist rules of grammar and their usage are used to marginalize … Continue reading Prescriptivism: A Tool for Labeling People

No Person Is More Or Less Important In The Family

     The question “who are the most important persons in the family?” will unfold diverse perspectives based on person’s life circumstances and lived-experiences: generations, cultural backgrounds, age groups, professions, educational attainment, social status, and most of all family life conditions.        In “John Rosemond: Your Kids Should Not Be The Most Important,” John Rosemond … Continue reading No Person Is More Or Less Important In The Family

Shortcut Texting: An Evolution in an Informal English Communication

Text messaging in “short-cut style” is the fastest way to send casual messages in today’s digital culture. In “Text-speak: Language Evolution or Just Laziness?,” Anne Merritt asserts that text-speak, the shortened way of writing words, has a strong negative impact on children’s communication skills. She looks at it as a decline in proper language skills … Continue reading Shortcut Texting: An Evolution in an Informal English Communication

The Barangay: A Threshold of Good Governance

(This was originally written on the 6th of October 2013 in Manila, about three weeks before the barangay elections that time. I found this article together with all my other files in an old USB. I edited several words to fit in time). Barangay elections give me time to reflect on the significance of barangay … Continue reading The Barangay: A Threshold of Good Governance

A Vote for Better or for Worst

In every egalitarian government, election is a practice of democracy. It is a part and parcel of the law of the land, its constitution. This is a peaceful process to select leaders in the local and national posts in the government units who would represent the best interests of the masses. Too, election is a … Continue reading A Vote for Better or for Worst

An Inhibited Freedom

From the beginning of civilization, slavery was already part of its social system. In fact, biblical story tells that Moses led the Israelites out of enslavement and the tyranny of the Egyptian pharaohs. Thus, servitude could be traced back in the history of every society. Up to this modern age, bondage has various disguised faces … Continue reading An Inhibited Freedom

The Education’s Finest

In my childhood and teenage years until these days, parents strongly advise their children to study, to finish a degree and get a diploma. Elder folks believed that through education, young generations would have a better life and would get rid of poverty. To a marginalized family, such faith is a great motivation that keeps … Continue reading The Education’s Finest

The Controversy of Discipline

Photo Source: In the yesteryears, discipline is the rule for every child, a rigid training by parents in order to prepare them in the life journey of their own. Parents’ words were the unwritten, unquestionable and indisputable laws at home. Outspokenly, it is the common belief that that is the family’s customary way of … Continue reading The Controversy of Discipline

Is Poverty Your Way of Life?

In this era of advanced information technology, known as the digital age, news anywhere is highly accessible. We could not escape the waves of information through media such as internet, cable televisions, videos and social media, radios, newspapers and magazines. Advertisement of high-tech cars, appliances, cellular phones, and electronic gadgets among other things give everyone … Continue reading Is Poverty Your Way of Life?

The Irrefutable Challenge to Parents of Today

Nowadays, the prevalence of acts of violence in every corner of the world is rampant. Crimes happen everywhere at no time. Various acts of violence against humanity and the devastation of environment, man-made and natural disasters alike, atrocities such as mass shooting, hate crimes and extra–judicial killings exist. Syndicated crimes like human trafficking, drug trafficking, … Continue reading The Irrefutable Challenge to Parents of Today

The Two Sides of the Buck

When you are living and working abroad, for most Filipinos, you are affluent. A common mindset which do not consider the underlying factors to validate such assertion. In spite of countless documentaries regarding migrants’ plight and glory, news, social media posts and the likes, it is an unalterable viewpoint of our compatriots that overseas migrants … Continue reading The Two Sides of the Buck